How Olympian Dominique Moceanu defied gymnastics’ tradition of silence and helped Larry Nassar survivors

Dominique Moceanu is remembered because the youngest gymnast on the long-lasting 1996 U.S. Olympic workforce that gained gold in Atlanta. However her second act within the sport has been simply as impactful. Her function in breaking an industrywide silence in regards to the abusive strategies of longtime coaches Bela and Martha Karolyi later led her to a central function in supporting the survivors of Larry Nassar’s sexual abuse.

Moceanu’s journey from Karolyi protégée to whistleblower started with a 2008 HBO interview through which she described the emotional scars left by her years with the teaching duo who shared her dad and mom’ Romanian background and driving ambition. Moceanu later detailed her experiences in a 2012 memoir. Her outspokenness price her dearly. She was ostracized from the game for a decade and accused of searching for cash and a spotlight. But her function as one of many few former athletes who defied the Karolyis’ grip on U.S. gymnastics finally led others to belief her with their reality. Now 38, Moceanu, who owns a gymnasium in Ohio together with her husband, Mike Canales, particulars her journey from outcast to insider, in her personal phrases.

IN JULY 2016, USA Gymnastics invited all of us former Olympians to a reunion at Olympic trials in San Jose, California. It was the 20th anniversary of the Magnificent Seven and our 1996 win in Atlanta, so USAG needed to invite me. Given how they’d handled me, I thought of not going. However since they had been honoring my workforce, I did not need to be the one teammate who did not present up, so I made a decision to go. I am glad I did.

It was nice to reconnect with so many mates and former Olympians. On the finish of the weekend, a bunch of us gathered in a resort room to have a couple of drinks and inform tales late into the night time. My husband, Mike, and I had been having a great time, speaking with mates, when impulsively, I heard a loud knock on the door. Jamie Dantzscher, who was on the 2000 Olympic workforce, got here in and made a beeline straight to me. She’s like, “I would like to speak to you.”

I hadn’t seen Jamie in years, and he or she regarded severe. We walked out onto the patio and closed the sliding glass door for some privateness. “Did Larry Nassar ever put his finger inside you?” she requested. That was the very first thing she stated to me.

I stated, “No. Why?”

She stated, “He did this to me.”

I requested her if he did it to anybody else. She stated, “Sure. I have been asking folks all weekend, making an attempt to determine this out.” She talked about some names and stated she knew of no less than 5 different girls. All these ideas had been flooding my head.

I stated, “Jamie, what he did is just not OK.” I bear in mind considering one thing is very flawed. Deep down, I knew this needed to be reported. I knew he hadn’t stopped at 5.

Jamie additionally hadn’t deliberate to return to the reunion as a result of she did not really feel welcome at USAG occasions. She had additionally been handled like an outcast for years for having spoken up about Bela prior to now. “I actually respect what you’ve got completed, how you’ve got spoken up,” she stated. “I knew you’d hearken to me with an open coronary heart.”

IN THE SUMMER of 2008, I started talking publicly in regards to the abuse I skilled throughout my years coaching with Bela and Martha Karolyi. The Beijing Olympics had been proper across the nook, and Jennifer Sey, a former nationwide champion, had written a memoir about her personal painful expertise in elite gymnastics. Jen wasn’t a Karolyi gymnast, however her guide, launched that spring, started a nationwide dialog about abusive teaching in gymnastics. HBO’s Actual Sports activities did a present across the matter and reached out to me for an interview.

I bear in mind giving myself a pep speak proper earlier than I went on digicam. “Am I going to do that? Why do I need to do that? This might change all the things.”

I informed Mike that I used to be actually nervous that I would say the phrase “abuse” out loud. He stated, “It is OK. It is the fitting factor to do. I help you.” I wanted to listen to that. I had somebody in my nook for the primary time. And I felt like I needed to say the phrase. I used to be uninterested in the charade, uninterested in hiding my true expertise publicly. I might completed it for too lengthy.

After I stated for the very first time that abuse was happening in our sport, Jon Frankel, who interviewed me, requested, “Nicely what do you imply, abuse?”

I do know he was imagined to query me, however I may really feel nervousness build up. I assumed, “Right here we go. I’ve to elucidate it.” I stated, “The athletes are being handled inhumanely.”

On the time, I used to be nonetheless tense and timid about divulging all the things, but it surely was a begin, a turning level. The interview went properly. Privately, I had folks emailing me, saying, “Thank God you probably did this. Thanks, Dominique. You are proper about all of it.”

I used to be like, “Why cannot you guys say this publicly? It appears like I am an outlier, like no one else believes or thinks this.” Publicly, I acquired a lot backlash. On Twitter, folks known as me a fame whore. They stated I used to be attention-seeking, that I used to be doing it for the cash. They had been so off base. Verbal and emotional abuse and overtraining had been taking place for years in gymnastics, and I had each proper to talk the reality. My reality. Why was I being condemned?

Folks requested, “How come no one else is backing you up?”

As a result of they had been afraid. They did not need to lose their good standing with USA Gymnastics, like I did. They wished to maintain being invited to occasions and getting interviews. They wished to maintain getting cash. Do not say that I am out for cash, as a result of I misplaced all the things, each alternative and sponsorship. I used to be handled like a leper for a decade. It was arduous being one of many fiery few making an attempt to have a voice and make a optimistic change.

NOT LONG AFTER the interview aired, Trudi Kollar, a former Romanian Olympian who competed below the title Emilia Eberle, known as me. She lives in Sacramento now, and her native TV station requested her to present an interview about her expertise with the Karolyis in Romania. I am a first-generation American. My dad and mom, like Trudi and the Karolyis, grew up in Romania. For 2 individuals who had by no means met, we had lots in frequent.

She was so nervous. I stated, “Simply be your self and inform the reality. The extra individuals who get the braveness to talk up, the extra these tales are going to be believed.”

She stated, “Dominique, I nonetheless have nightmares about Bela. I nonetheless get up in a panic in the midst of the night time. I am going to seize my husband’s throat as a result of I really feel like he is Bela, coming after me, hitting me with a chair like he did in Romania.” I stated, “The truth that you continue to have nightmares means you by no means totally handled this and it nonetheless haunts you. Have a look at how traumatizing it may be, even years later.”

I informed her, “You are able to do this. It is the fitting factor.” And typically you simply want to listen to that once you’ve been crushed down so many instances. I do know I did.

There have been issues that we did not have to elucidate to one another, though we educated many years aside in numerous international locations. I believed each phrase she informed me as a result of I do know what that surroundings was like for me. I acknowledged my expertise in her tales.

In November, Trudi gave that interview to her native tv station, and her teammates and former coaches confirmed her tales. She informed me that since that day, she hasn’t had a single nightmare.

I DIDN’T HAVE a relationship with Bela or Martha for years after the 1996 Olympics. However up till the Atlanta Video games, Bela and my father, Dimitry, had been shut mates. My father did not have many mates. Bela was one of many few. Our households spent holidays collectively.

In 2003, I swallowed my satisfaction and known as Bela to inform him my dad had most cancers and wasn’t doing properly. I stated, “I feel it’s best to give him a name. You are considered one of his few mates, and it might be good so that you can name and test on him.”

5 and a half years glided by and never one name. Then he confirmed up at my dad’s funeral in late 2008. I used to be standing on the entrance of the room, totally pregnant, watching my dad’s mother crying over my father’s open casket. My sister nudged me and stated, “Bela’s right here.”

I turned my consideration to the middle aisle and watched this huge, 6-2 man who was a part of my former life stroll towards us. I assumed, “You did not name the person one time in 5 years, after I requested you to, and also you present up at his funeral?” That was the ultimate straw for me.

After the service, all of us went to the foyer, and my dad’s funeral become a photograph op with Bela. I stated to him, “This isn’t the time or place. Out of respect, you should not be taking photos with people who find themselves right here for my father’s funeral. There are boundaries.”

He requested me to take an image with him. I did not.


TWO YEARS LATER, as I continued to talk out and share my reality, I used to be in the identical room as Bela for the primary time since my dad’s funeral. My good friend and Magnificent Seven teammate, Kerri Strug, was getting married in Tucson, Arizona.

I walked into the reception the night time earlier than the marriage and noticed Bela on the opposite aspect of a crowded room. I stayed distant and loved the night time. It was a fantastic occasion, and I used to be celebrating my good friend. However when you’ll be able to really feel somebody observing you? That is how I felt a lot of the night time. I might flip to see Bela obtrusive at me.

On the finish of the get together, Mike and I stated our goodbyes and left via a again door. Hastily I heard, “Domi! Domi!” I finished in my tracks and circled. I used to be face-to-face with Bela. He grabbed my shoulders and stated, “Domi. Attempt to bear in mind the great instances. You are the youngest champion ever!”

I did not say something. I did not need to speak to him. He simply saved repeating, “Attempt to bear in mind the great instances. Attempt to bear in mind the great instances.” I assumed to myself, “Why is he making an attempt to inform me this now?” He tried to return in for a hug, and I turned my shoulder away.


IT TOOK ME seven years to write down my memoir, “Off Steadiness,” which was launched in June 2012. It made some headlines, landed on the New York Instances bestseller checklist and was reviewed in a number of magazines. I want I may say it had a bigger impression on altering the tradition of the game on the time. Personally, it price me friendships and alternatives and principally severed my relationship with the governing physique of gymnastics. However I wanted to write down that guide. I had a lot reality but to be informed that I felt like I had a weight pressed on my coronary heart, and if I did not launch it, I could not heal. I used to be about to blow up with all that I needed to say.

I used to be toying with all kinds of feelings in regards to the extreme backlash I might get. I acquired a style of it in 2008, the second I began talking out. I needed to work arduous to make my approach again professionally from that second. I could not get sponsorships. No doorways opened for me as a result of [former USA Gymnastics president] Steve Penny closed them continuously. He informed folks to not sponsor me or rent me. Folks wouldn’t say, “I imagine her.” I could not get anybody to say that for years. I turned a social pariah inside my very own group. Folks had been so fast to discard me as a human being.

The guide got here out in an Olympic 12 months, and the Karolyis had been on this large pedestal. Martha was untouchable. It made me sick to my abdomen to look at gymnastics for a few years, the best way the Karolyis had been glamorized because the coaches who made these athletes nice. No. Their private coaches and the time the gymnasts invested made them nice.

Martha hadn’t coached a private gymnast since Kerri and me in 1996. She did not have a magic formulation. Do sufficient numbers, put athletes below sufficient strain, pluck the perfect within the nation and as quickly as they get harm, kick them out and substitute them with the following one in line — that is not magic. You may put Pinocchio in Martha’s place and he may have made the USA a successful program.

For those who ask the athletes, they do not adore the Karolyis as a lot as was put out on TV. The Karolyis have brought about a variety of injury. And that is lifelong injury. Athletes had been demeaned. They had been underfed. They educated whereas injured. Give the athletes credit score for surviving, for making an attempt to be their finest in a sport that they love below these circumstances.

THE DAY AFTER my dialog with Jamie in that resort room in San Jose in 2016, I known as her and stated, “Jamie, this totally must be reported. Please name the police. If this occurred to you and 5 others that of, there is no such thing as a probability that he stopped. That is the start of one thing a lot bigger than us. If we do not cease him, he will do it to different folks.”

Jamie was frightened about being checked out as a troublemaker once more. She doubted herself and whether or not folks would imagine her. I informed her to place that apart for the well-being of all the youngsters Nassar had entry to, and I informed her it was the fitting factor to do. I linked her with Katherine Starr, the president of a not-for-profit that advocates for athletes who’ve been abused. She linked Jamie with John Manly, a California lawyer who now represents greater than 200 Nassar survivors. I inspired her and saved following up together with her.

Shortly after that, Jamie filed a lawsuit below an nameless title, and he or she and Rachael Denhollander gave the primary interviews to The Indianapolis Star, which modified all the things.

For weeks after that first dialog with Jamie, earlier than Nassar’s abuse was public, extra girls reached out to me. I listened to them and directed them to individuals who may assist them psychologically and emotionally, and who may assist them report Larry’s crimes.

When his sentencing listening to occurred in Michigan, Mike and I drove from our residence outdoors of Cleveland to be within the courtroom to help the ladies in particular person as they gave their impression statements. I’ll all the time be grateful that I had the energy to get them to the fitting folks and observe up with them and help them. It made me really feel like I had a objective.


THE BEST THING that is come of the previous decade of my life is that I turned interwoven in all of those girls’s tales. I turned somebody they may belief. In an odd approach, I feel that ended up being my function in all of this. And I used to be honored to do it quietly and with out recognition.

However in 2017, my hometown paper, the Houston Chronicle, wrote a narrative about me after an official report commissioned by USA Gymnastics uncovered abuses inside the sport. The headline learn, “Report vindicates Dominique Moceanu.” My mouth dropped. I by no means thought there would come some extent the place anyone would say that. However there it was, in black and white.

For those who need assistance, name the Nationwide Sexual Assault Hotline, 1-800-656-HOPE (4673); the Nationwide Suicide Prevention Lifeline, 1-800-273-TALK (8255); or ChildHelp, 1-800-4-A-Youngster (422-4453), for secure, confidential providers. You aren’t alone.

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